The government has started a two-year educational program aimed at preventing
the spread of hepatitis B from mother to child in four counties of west China's
Shaanxi and Gansu provinces.
"The program is the first to be carried out in China's rural areas for women
of childbearing age," said the program organizer on Saturday who added that in
China hepatitis B is often transmitted from mother to child.
Many people are hepatitis B carriers but do not suffer any symptoms of the
disease. This makes it difficult to stop its spread, especially when expectant
mothers are unaware of their own condition or how the disease is transmitted.
The US$200,000 program, funded by the Bristol-Myers Squibb Foundation, is
organized by the Chinese Foundation for Hepatitis Prevention and Control. It
aims to teach nearly 340,000 women of childbearing age and nearly 600 grassroots
doctors in pilot counties how to prevent hepatitis B.
The fund will cover the cost of free educational pamphlets, renting venues
for lectures and providing medical equipment for hepatitis B prevention.
The women will learn they should be tested for hepatitis B before they are
married or become pregnant, that their new-born babies should be vaccinated and
mothers who are carriers should not breast-feed their babies.
A survey by the organizer in Zhenyuan and Wushan counties in Gansu province
shows that only 25.01 percent of childbearing-age women surveyed know how
hepatitis B is contracted.
Only 10.71 percent of doctors surveyed know how to block the transmission
from mother to infant.