1. SMG: Mr. Mu, you just mentioned that Shanghai has listed 83 folk arts in
10 categories as its first batch of city-level intangible culture heritage
items. What is the standard of this list and what kind of items can be included
in the 83 items?
Mu Duanzheng: The items we reported to the Ministry of Culture were collected
by local government and related units. The Ministry of Culture has a clear
definition on the standard and census of intangible culture heritage, and has
mapped out the standard of the 10 categories as well.
There is a difference between intangible culture heritage and substantial
culture heritage. The former is arts created, inherited and enjoyed by the
public. This can include learning, techniques, divisions and representatives in
certain fields or sectors that are acknowledged in terms of arts. Many
techniques are represented. For example, 26 items are traditional techniques in
the list, most of which represent a city technique in modern times.
The second kind of item can embody the development of industrial and
commercial fields in modern times, which can reveal city¡¯s culture and economy
in different periods.
Experts from different fields appraised and selected the intangible culture
heritage in terms of their distinguishing features.
2. Phoenix: We have two questions. We have read the archives, finding folk
arts face the risk of extinction. Has the Shanghai government considered how to
develop and keep these folk arts?
The second question is for the spokeswoman. Recently, media are concerned
about police rescuing a girl kidnapped in a KFC. We have read some reports on
this issue, but can you introduce more details and tell us how the girl is right
now? What does the successful rescue mean to us since such cases are rare in
Mu Duanzheng: Mr. Liu Jian will introduce the protection and discovery of
intangible culture heritage.
Liu Jian: I will introduce Shanghai¡¯s efforts on protecting intangible
culture heritage, especially on inheritance. First of all, the city began a
city-wide census on intangible culture heritage. Shanghai¡¯s culture watchdog
trained 213 people in four batches to conduct the census. The city also
investigated, registered, recorded and set up archives for inheritors. We just
showed you two 15-minute videos about a dragon-phoenix qipao and Duoyun Curios
Shop¡¯s wood-block printing. We made more than 200 such videos during the census,
and each one lasts more than three hours. The census was a very big project to
cover all the intangible culture heritages and their inheritors in the city.
Secondly, Shanghai has mapped out rules on protecting intangible culture
heritage, which is listed in the city¡¯s 11th Five Year Plan on cultural
development. Districts have also mapped out rules on protecting the heritage,
which define the protection range and put forward long-term targets and recent
The third part is to rescue precious intangible culture heritage. The
principal of intangible culture heritage protection is rescue, utilization and
inheritance. Districts and related institutes have set up their own database of
intangible cultural heritage resources, especially the items that are listed in
the country-level categories. We have urged related units to set up museums and
exhibition halls, such as Huangdaopo museum in Xuhui District, bamboo carving
exhibition hall in Jiading District, Guxiuchen exhibition hall in Songjiang
District, and a gong-drum book display hall in Nanhui District is under
construction. These constructions can reserve and display the intangible
Fourthly, we have set up a system to list intangible culture heritage.
Districts¡¯and county¡¯s systems were completed in mid April, which also
contributed to the setup of a city-level system. The first batch of 83 items was
published to the public today. We will further verify each inheritor, which will
be more complicated because each category may have several inheritors in
different divisions, so we will continue to verify the inheritors.
Fifthly, offering subsidies to inheritors of some important intangible
culture heritage. Shanghai¡¯s culture watchdog in districts, towns and
neighborhoods will provide certain money every year to aid the inheritors.
The sixth measure is to aid units that are in charge of protecting intangible
culture heritage. The project hasn¡¯t collected a lot of funds, but we believe
with the public¡¯s growing awareness of protecting intangible culture heritage,
more people will join in the project and provide more money to support it.
Seventhly, we will promote protection of intangible culture heritage around
the city. The most important propaganda of this year is tomorrow¡¯s culture
exposition on folk arts. The exposition is headed by a city leader for the first
time, and leaders will attend tomorrow¡¯s opening ceremony.
We hope to invite more residents especially youths to visit the exposition to
further raise the public awareness of protecting intangible culture heritage.
Shanghai police successfully handled the¡°6.6 hostage¡±issue and rescued the
kidnapped girl. This battle was excellent and impressive. I heard applause and
cheers from broadcasters after the girl was rescued, which means the mission has
won popular support.
According to the initial investigation, the suspect Tong Jiansheng was single
and unemployed, he was a Shanghai native and his parents had already died. He
had a long history of trouble with the law. He was sentenced to a year in prison
by a Putuo court in June 2005 for arson. After his release, Tong continued his
criminal activities and was punished by police for ticket scalping, gambling and
The police also noticed Tong was a violent, eccentric and unsociable man
during the investigation, but didn¡¯t find he had a mental disease. The police
are still probing the case for details, including Tong¡¯s motive for kidnapping
What enlightenment does the issue bring to us?
First of all, people will feel Shanghai is a safe city after seeing police
successfully handle the case. When the incident happened, leaders from the
Shanghai government and Shanghai Municipal Committee of the Communist Party of
China immediately instructed law enforcement officials to attach great
importance to people¡¯s profits and solve the problem effectively and
Police spent seven hours handling the case because they tried to avoid
causing losses or injuring the hostage accidentally, and they also hoped to
rescue the girl by negotiating with the hostage taker.
Judiciary and psychological experts were also performing excellently at the
scene. All the measures were to secure perfect safety and to protect people¡¯s
lives and profits. The success embodies Shanghai police¡¯s good quality and shows
the city attaches great importance to people¡¯s safety, lives and profits, which
is also the government¡¯s responsibility.
Secondly, regular and strict training is necessary. Besides faith and
emergency plans, police officers need repeated, strict and hard training to
prepare for any situation.
Our police sniper ended the seven-hour standoff with a precise shooting.
Without strict training, it¡¯s hard to shot the hostage taker dead with one
bullet because the criminal was so sly that police had to aim at him via a small
We realized that the police had mapped out several plans to lower the risks
of injury. It¡¯s a big challenge for their techniques and psychological quality
to grasp the very moment. The policeman who rushed to the scene also took the
girl¡¯s safety into consideration. He checked whether the kid was injured and
then hugged her out of the scene. All the details show that good quality
officers need strict training, detailed plans and experience.
Shanghai police guided the rescue accurately and calmly, and their management
of the scene was systematical. All the aspects fulfilled the requirements from
the Shanghai Committee of the CPC and Shanghai government, which demand the city
to prepare emergency plans to secure people¡¯s safety, lives and profits. The
case fully proved this point.
Thirdly, the case also warns other criminals not to break laws or take
reckless action because our government and police officers will try their best
to protect the city¡¯s safety, residents¡¯lives and profits. It is important to
understand this and proves that Shanghai is a safe city and Shanghai police can
be trusted. Thank you.
3. Jiefang Daily: I want to ask Mr. Mu a question. I read the latest
information on the intangible culture heritage items. Besides the display in
tomorrow¡¯s exposition, are there more active forms to make these items
accessible to normal people, especially youths? Thanks.
Mu Duanzheng: In tomorrow¡¯s exposition, we will focus on displaying the
city¡¯s first batch of intangible culture heritage, including a live performance
played by arts group. We will also arrange special performance and propaganda in
schools, especially campuses, and neighborhoods, which will help more young
people access cultural heritage and let residents watch the displays in public
Long-term, protection and inheritance of cultural heritage should be
implemented by a series of plans and schemes to raise public awareness.
4. Shanghai Morning Post: I want to ask the spokeswoman two questions. First,
the recent sales of secondhand properties and new properties show that
Shanghai¡¯s real estate market is rebounding. Is there any updated information
about the market? Second, what is the city¡¯s plan on electric power shortages
for this summer?
Media have reported a lot about Shanghai¡¯s real estate market recently, but I
think we should observe and analyze calmly on some aspects. According to the
city¡¯s real estate regulator, Shanghai¡¯s property market has developed stably
with balanced supply and demand since China began cooling off the market. From
January to May, 7.38 million square meters of presale apartments were approved
to be on the city¡¯s market, similar with last year¡¯s figure. More than 61
million square meters of apartments are under construction now, growing a little
from a year earlier. This year¡¯s supply is expected to be kept unchanged with
last year¡¯s. According to online statistics, supply of on-sale apartments is 1.5
times of transaction volume. The supply volume is sufficient. The sales of new
residential apartments are stable. In the later half of last year, local
authorities cleared a batch of properties which hadn¡¯t begun construction to
raise the proportion of apartments smaller than 90 square meters. Some of the
properties are located between the middle ring road and outer ring road and
construction is expected to kick off, which will offer sufficient supply.
The question about Shanghai¡¯s plan to solve the power shortage problem in
summer is always popped by reporters in this season, which is also a problem
residents are concerned about. This year¡¯s peak demand is expected to top 21
million kilowatts and even 21.5 million kilowatts in extreme conditions, growing
seven percent from a year earlier. The city¡¯s grid can supply 20.5 million
kilowatts in the summer and will try to provide 21.5 million kilowatts in
There is no gap between the electricity supply and demand this summer. But
the city must set aside 600,000 kilowatts for grid operation and accidental
conditions. When the demand exceeds 21.5 million kilowatts, the supply may not
meet demand. We will divert power from other cities under such conditions and
further develop the city¡¯s power generation capacity to balance supply and
demand. Generally, the city¡¯s power supply is adequate.
This year¡¯s peak season began on June 15 and continues until September 23.
The Shanghai Economic Committee has issued notes to carry out the following
measures to secure a stable power supply in the summer.
Firstly, securing electric power supply. Ensuring all power generators work
safely and stably; ensuring a reasonable inventory to meet the demands of
electric power and gas; optimizing the gas machines to generate more power;
securing some gas turbines to generate power in peak hours and bringing
fuel-generated-power into full operation. In addition, local electric power
companies will try their best to divert power from other cities to increase
Shanghai¡¯s power supply and further improve measures to cope with emergencies.
Secondly, further curbing use of power. Saving energy and curbing consumption
is a very important mission, so the city has carried out measures. Some related
departments have issued opinions on use of air-conditioners to strengthen the
management of air-conditioners and curb grid load in peak hours; set up
mechanisms to save energy and promote the operation and implementation of power
demand side-management projects; enhancing the promotion and utilization of
power-saving technologies; and urging government departments to save power in
office buildings as an example.
Thirdly, implementing power-use plan reasonably. Using power safely and
orderly and combining power policy, industry policy, energy policy and
environment-protection policy to prevent power-consumption giants from using too
much power; adjusting plants to work in different periods and balancing weekly
power load; arranging plants to shut down in turn during the summer.
Fourthly, making use of economic levers to mediate the use of power.
Adjusting electricity prices in summer can balance the supply and demand of
Last but not least, mapping out emergency plans to fight disastrous weather
and other emergencies. Enhancing the city¡¯s ability to cope with emergencies and
disaster; adding power emergency measures into the city¡¯s general emergency
plan; promoting the setup of load control system and improving emergency
I hope the media can summon local residents to cooperate with us, especially
in saving power and energy. Under emergency circumstances, we are eager for
residents¡¯cooperation, understanding and support.
Thanks. Please continue to ask questions.
5. Youth Daily: I have two questions. Mr. Mu just said some volunteers will
attend the folk arts exposition. I want to know who are these volunteers and
what will they do? Are most of the volunteers young people and what are the
requirements should the volunteers meet? The second question is for the
spokeswoman. I heard that the down payment of a house will be raised to 40
percent. Is this information real? Has Shanghai government put forward targets
to control the real estate market?
Liu Jian: The volunteers to the exposition are assigned by the Shanghai
Jiao Yang: I didn¡¯t hear about the 40 percent down payment. Shanghai is
firmly implementing the country¡¯s polices and insisting on¡°Three
Priorities,¡±regarding living as priority, regarding citizens¡¯spending as a
priority and regarding normal properties as priority. The city also insisted on
the principal of encouraging consumption, regulating investments and curbing
speculation to further strengthen the control of the real estate market to
realize these targets.
6. SMG Radio News Center: My first question is for Mr. Mu Duanzheng. We have
collected a lot of information when arranging the intangible culture heritage
and have set up archives. Will parts of these archives be published to
residents? How can residents access these precious archives when they are
published? The second question is for the spokeswoman Jiao Yang. We noticed that
the water pollution in Wuxi has been controlled, but this issue is a warning to
us. It¡¯s hard to prevent water pollution in Wuxi because it was caused by a
sudden outbreak of blue-green algae. How can we secure safe water sources in
Mu Duanzheng: We will publish local intangible culture heritage list on the
second Culture Heritage Day this year according to the country¡¯s schedule. In
the last two years, the city conducted census, collection, arrangement and
selection of the heritage. I have said our census is still ongoing, but by the
end of last year, we had collected 1,100 items and local systems, which received
appraisal in April. Local districts appraised 206 items and recommended 100
items to the city-level authority. We organized a group of experts to appraise
the 100 items and selected 83. We considered publishing the first batch on June
9, so we did the appraisal and arrangement simultaneously. It needs several
steps to work on the archives. For example, districts and county are all working
on the arrangement and display of archives. We need to edit the archives into
Shanghai¡¯s brochure and display them at tomorrow¡¯s exposition. We will conduct
more promotion and displays of these archives in different forms. I think we
take it as a long-term opportunity and hope media can support us to promote folk
arts to benefit people. Thanks.
Local residents and media are concerned a lot about the outbreak of
blue-green algae in Wuxi. After the outbreak, water and environment departments
in Shanghai immediately strengthened the supervision on water quality along the
upper reaches of the Huangpu River and on the raw water, especially testing the
algae in Taipu River and the Songpu Bridge water source.
The result showed that the water quality in the upper reaches of the Huangpu
River was similar with the same period of last year and it didn¡¯t contain
excessive algae. Thus, the water source wasn¡¯t polluted by the algae and the
Taihu Lake algae outbreak didn¡¯t affect Shanghai¡¯s water supply.
I think there should be a long-term plan as well as an emergency plan to
secure the safety of Shanghai¡¯s water sources.
1). Improving the management of water environment to secure safe water
Tightening the control of wastewater discharge and improve the disposal of
living wastewater in the upper reaches of the Huangpu River; curbing discharged
pollutants, especially nutritious materials such as nitrogen and phosphorous;
promoting the propaganda and raising the society¡¯s awareness of protecting water
2). Enhancing cooperation with related institutes, nearby cities and
provinces to treat pollution in the whole valley and allocate water sources.
Shanghai is along the lower reaches of Taihu Lake and the Yangtze River, so
comprehensive management of the whole valley is very important, especially
strengthening the monitoring of the volume and quality of water.
3). Using effective technological measures.
Enhance the ability to handle emergencies via scientific, technological and
4). Reinforcing emergency plans.
Improve emergency plans for water supplies and conduct drills to further
raise the city¡¯s ability of handling any water crisis.
7. Hong Kong Oriental Daily News: I have a question about Shanghai Housing,
Land and Resources Administrative Bureau¡¯s probe into Tomson Riviera. What is
the process of the case? Can you reveal some details? When will the bureau get
the result? Will the government probe more developers or other problematic
The reporter noticed that Shanghai is regulating its real estate market. The
campaign doesn¡¯t target one specific company, but all companies. The regulation
is fair, so companies that violate rules will be punished. As a matter of fact,
the campaign doesn¡¯t come all of a sudden. Since 2002, Shanghai has conducted
such campaigns several times, especially in 2005, when the city cracked a batch
of fraudulent sales practices, including unlicensed presales, fake contracts,
reserving apartments and driving up housing prices. The campaigns helped
maintain order in the property market. Now Shanghai¡¯s property market develops
stably, with stable investments, stable traded areas and stable housing prices.
But illegal practices still exist in the market, so it¡¯s a long-term battle to
control the market and maintain the order.
The city launched the campaign to implement a notice issued by eight
government departments under the State Council. The notice urged a crackdown on
illegal practices in the property market. The reporter noticed that some
projects are being investigated. The campaign has three key points: checking and
cracking developers who reserve properties for speculation purposes; punishing
developers who hire sales people and workers to drive up housing prices by
publishing fake sales conditions and arranging people to line up to buy houses;
punishing developers who pre-sell properties without a license, promise buyers
to rent pre-sold properties and sell incomplete properties.
The healthy development of the real estate market is very important. We will
always keep alert to the illegal practices in property trades and conduct
long-term checks to secure healthy and stable development in Shanghai¡¯s property
Today¡¯s news conference has ended. Thanks for the participation of two senior
officials of SMG and reporters.